[Quick Fix] Dual-boot OS disappeared after installing Ubuntu 22.10

GNU Grub logo image from Wikipedia.org

After installing Ubuntu 22.10 today in my desktop PC, the dual-boot Windows 10 disappeared from the startup boot menu. If you run into similar issue, here’s the quick tip to fix it.

This is definitely not bug, but a policy change since GNU Grub 2.06. The default boot-loader uses external os-prober tool to discover other operating systems on the same machine. However, the feature is disabled now for security reason due to the manual:

It is disabled by default since automatic and silent execution of os-prober, and creating boot entries based on that data, is a potential attack vector. Set this option to ‘false’ to enable this feature in the grub-mkconfig command.

By reloading the config will prompt your that “Warning: os-prober will not be executed to detect other bootable pertitions“.

Ubuntu 22.04 is the first release uses GRUB 2.06, which however not affected in my case. So I didn’t encounter this issue until trying Ubuntu 22.10 today on dual-boot machine. And, here’s how to fix the the ‘issue’ in 2 ways.

Option 1: Manually re-enable OS-PROBER

As mentioned in the manual, just set the ‘GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER’ option to ‘false’ in Grub configuration will do the trick.

1. First, press Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard to open a terminal window. When it opens, run command to edit the Grub config file:

sudo nano /etc/default/grub

Ubuntu 22.10 switched to gnome-text-editor which however does not work along-with sudo from command line. So here I use nano command line text editor instead.

2. When the file opens in terminal window, scroll down and add the new line (or change the value if the line already exists):

GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER=false

After that, save changes by pressing Ctrl+X, type y and hit Enter.

3. Finally, run sudo update-grub to reload the change.

Don’t know why, but Windows OS appears in boot-menu again after I did restart computer twice in my case.

Option 2: Use Grub-Customizer (graphical tool)

For those who prefer using a graphical configuration tool, there’s a third-party Grub-Customizer app available for choice.

1. First, you still need to open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and run 3 commands one by one to install the tool from developer’s PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:danielrichter2007/grub-customizer
sudo apt update
sudo apt install grub-customizer

2. Search for and launch grub customizer from system start menu or ‘Activities’ overview.

3. When the app opens, navigate to ‘General Settings‘ page, then do:

  • click on bottom right advanced settings option.
  • in next pop-up dialog, click “Add” (or edit if exists) and type:
    • name: GRUB_DISABLE_OS_PROBER
    • value: false

Close advanced settings dialog, and finally click “Save” button in the app to apply change.

By Ji m

I'm a freelance blogger who started using Ubuntu in 2007 and wishes to share my experiences and some useful tips with Ubuntu beginners and lovers. Please comment to remind me outdated tutorial! And, notify me if you find any typo/grammar/language mistakes. English is not my native language. Contact me via ubuntuhandbook1@gmail.com Buy me a coffee: https://ko-fi.com/ubuntuhandbook1

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