Install Nginx with PHP5 and MySQL (LEMP) in Ubuntu 13.10 Server

October 30, 2013

Nginx, php, mysql

This tutorial shows you how to install LEMP stack in Ubuntu 13.10. LEMP stands for Linux, Nginx (pronounced “engine x”), MySQL and PHP. The nginx project started with a strong focus on high concurrency, high performance and low memory usage. So it’s a good alternative to Apache webserver for building websites on low memory hosts.

Tutorial Objectives:

  • Install Nginx, Php5, MySQL (LEMP) in Ubuntu 13.10 Server
  • Enjoy!

To get started, first login your Ubuntu Server and follow the steps below:

1. Intall MySQL

MySQL is a database management system which stores and organizes references to the information the webserver needs.

To install it, run command:

sudo apt-get install mysql-server mysql-client

While the installing process, you’ll be asked to type a password for MySQL root user.

2. Install Nginx

Nginx is available in Ubuntu’s repository, run command below to install it:

sudo apt-get install nginx

Or you can install the latest stable version from Nginx PPA:

sudo apt-get install python-software-properties

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nginx/stable

sudo apt-get update

sudo apt-get install nginx

Once installed, start Nginx by:

sudo service nginx start

To check out if nginx is working, go to http://serverip:

nginx is working ubuntu 13.10

nginx is working ubuntu 13.10

3. Install PHP5

PHP is a reflective programming language, which makes it possible for all these different parts to work together.

We can make PHP5 work in nginx through PHP-FPM, which is an alternative PHP FastCGI implementation with some additional features useful for sites of any size, especially busier sites.

Run command below to install php5-fpm:

sudo apt-get install php5-fpm

4. Setup Nginx

The nginx configuration is in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf, read this configuration example.

Now, let’s modify the default site example:

sudo vi /etc/nginx/sites-available/default

Here you can define root directory (to put WordPress files there), your site domain, as well as other settings. See the example below:

server {
	listen 80 default_server;
	listen [::]:80 default_server ipv6only=on;

	root /usr/share/nginx/html;
	index index.php index.html index.htm;

	# Make site accessible from http://localhost/
	server_name localhost;

	location / {

		try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php;


	location /doc/ {
		alias /usr/share/doc/;
		autoindex on;
		allow ::1;
		deny all;

	error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
	location = /50x.html {
		root /usr/share/nginx/html;

	location ~ \.php$ {

		# With php5-fpm:
                try_files $uri =404;
		fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
		fastcgi_index index.php;
		include fastcgi_params;

	# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache's document root
	# concurs with nginx's one
	location ~ /\.ht {
		deny all;

After that, reload Nginx:

sudo service nginx reload

4. Check out if PHP is working

Create the test file:

sudo vi /usr/share/nginx/html/info.php

Add following lines and save the file:


Go to http://serverip/info.php in client’s web browser and you’ll see:

php is working

php is working

5. Get MySQL working with PHP

Install Xcache, a free and open PHP opcode cacher for caching and optimizing PHP intermediate code, as well as other PHP modules:

sudo apt-get install php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-intl php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-ming php5-ps php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl php5-xcache

Then restart php5:

sudo service php5-fpm restart

Now reload http://serverip/info.php page and scroll down to find out if there’s a section about MySQL:

mysql is working with php

mysql is working with php

Now your LEMP server is up and running, see how to install wordpress on Ubuntu 13.10

I'm a freelance blogger who started using Ubuntu 5+ years ago and wishes to share my experiences and some useful tips with Ubuntu beginners and lovers. Please notify me if you find any typo/grammar/language mistakes. English is not my native language. Contact me on Google Plus or email to

2 responses to Install Nginx with PHP5 and MySQL (LEMP) in Ubuntu 13.10 Server

  1. Perfect tutorial, just miss the phpmyadmin setup thank you ;)

  2. It’s very good lesson thank you, also I read mysql 5.6 is faster, true??