How to Share A Folder via SMB/CIFS Protocol in Ubuntu 20.04

July 5, 2020

gnome shell

This is a step by step beginner guide shows how to share a folder over local network via SMB/CIFS protocol in Ubuntu 20.04 Gnome desktop.

Share a folder in Ubuntu 20.04:

1.) First open terminal by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard. When it opens, install samba, SMB/CIFS file, print, and login server by running command:

sudo apt install samba

Type user password (no asterisk feedback) and hit Enter to continue.

2.) Open Files (Nautilus file browser) and right-click on the folder you want to share, then click on “Local Network Share” menu option.

3.) In next pop-up window, do:

  • tick “Share this folder” to enable network sharing.
  • (optional) tick “Allow others to create and delete files in this folder”
  • (optional) tick “Guess access”
  • finally click on ‘Create Share’ button

4.) Confirm write permission (if enabled) and done!

5.) If you want remote PC to type username and password to access the shared folder, open terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T) and run command:

sudo smbpasswd -a USERNAME

Note:The “USERNAME” must be an existing user in your Ubuntu. It’s ji in my case. And set a password for remote smb access only.

Before getting access from remote PC, you may check out the IP address and / or hostname by running commands:


ip -4 address

Access the share folder from remote computer:

1. To access from Windows PC, go to Start -> Run to bring up Run command window. Type either \\ip-address\ or \\hostname\

2. To access from another Ubuntu desktop, go to Files -> Other Locations, then type either smb://ip-address/SHARE_FOLDER or smb://hostname/SHARE_FOLDER


I'm a freelance blogger who started using Ubuntu in 2007 and wishes to share my experiences and some useful tips with Ubuntu beginners and lovers. Please notify me if you find any typo/grammar/language mistakes. English is not my native language. Contact me via [email protected]

2 responses to How to Share A Folder via SMB/CIFS Protocol in Ubuntu 20.04

  1. When I click “create share” in step 3 I do not get the message shown in step 4. I get the following:
    ‘net usershare’ returned error 255: net usershare: cannot open usershare directory /var/lib/samba/usershares. Error Permission denied
    You do not have permission to create a usershare. Ask your administrator to grant you permissions to create a share.

    What do I need to do?