Archives For November 30, 1999

How to Install WordPress on Ubuntu 13.04 Server

Last updated: November 3, 2013

Already installed LAMP or LEMP (Nginx with PHP, Mysql) on your Ubuntu Server? This time I’m going to show you how to install WordPress CMS.

WordPress is a popular blogging tool and a content management system (CMS) based on PHP and MySQL. It’s free and open-source.

To install WordPress, first login your Ubuntu Server as root, then follow the steps below:

1.) Create Mysql Database and User for WordPress.

  • First log into Mysql as root user:
    mysql -u root -p
  • Type in the root password to get past.

  • Create a database. Change database-name in code to whatever you want.
    CREATE DATABASE database-name;
  • Create an user. Change database-user in code to whatever you want.
    CREATE USER database-user@localhost;
  • Give a password to the user just created. Change password-here in code.
    SET PASSWORD FOR database-user@localhost= PASSWORD("password-here");
  • Grant all privileges to the new user.
    GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON database-name.* TO database-user@localhost IDENTIFIED BY 'password-here';
  • f.) Finally, refresh Mysql:
  • g.) Exit Mysql sell

2.) Download WordPress and setup the configuration.

  • Download the latest wordpress:

    Then extract:

    tar -xzvf latest.tar.gz
  • Copy the sample configuration file to make a backup.
    cd wordpress && cp wp-config-sample.php wp-config.php
  • Edit the configuration file:
    vi wp-config.php

    Press I to start editing, Esc to stop editing. Press :, then type wq to save and exit, type q! to exit without save.

    Then change the section of database-name, database-user, password-here.

    // ** MySQL settings – You can get this info from your web host ** //
    /** The name of the database for WordPress */
    define(‘DB_NAME’, ‘database-name’);

    /** MySQL database username */
    define(‘DB_USER’, ‘database-user’);

    /** MySQL database password */
    define(‘DB_PASSWORD’, ‘password-here’);

3.) Setup the permissions.

    Give ownership of the directory to the apache or nginx user by running following commands one by one:

    sudo rsync -avP ~/wordpress/ /var/www/
    cd /var/www/
    sudo chown www-data:www-data * -R 
    sudo usermod -a -G www-data username

4.) Finally in your browser go to IP or domain/wp-admin/install.php and start installing.