Archives For Ubuntu 18.04

gnome shell

This quick tutorial is for those who want to pin application shortcut icons to the default Gnome Desktop in Ubuntu 18.04, while you can’t drag and drop icons from applications menu to the desktop.

1. First, open Gnome Tweaks (if not available, install it via Ubuntu Software) and navigate to Desktop tab and enable ‘Show icons’ on desktop.

2. Open Files (Nautilus file browser) and navigate to Other Locations -> Computer -> usr -> share -> applications.

There drag and drop any application shortcut to the desktop.

Click to run the desktop icon, and select ‘Trust and Launch’. The shortcut icon will display correctly once the application launches.

To remove a desktop shortcut, simply move the icon to trash. Only the shortcut will be removed, not the original item.

That’s it. Enjoy!

gnome shell

The default Gedit text editor in Ubuntu 18.04 always opens file in a new window, even though there’s already an existing instance. And there’s no easy option to change the behavior.

Thanks to fossfreedom, you can re-built Gedit pakages so to always open files in new tabs in the same gedit window.

1. Open terminal either via Ctrl+Alt+T shortcut key or by searching for ‘terminal’ from software launcher.

2. When terminal opens, paste the command below and hit run to install the building tools:

sudo apt-get install devscripts build-essential fakeroot

3. Launch Software & Updates, and click enable download Source code from Ubuntu repositories.

4. In user downloads, create a build folder and navigate to the directory.

cd ~/Downloads/ && mkdir build && cd build

5. Download the gedit source code via command:

sudo apt-get update; apt-get source gedit

Type your password (no asterisks feedback) when it prompts

6. Next edit the source file gedit-app.c:

cd gedit-* && gedit gedit/gedit-app.c

When the file opens, add new line return TRUE; as the picture shows (line 320 for Ubuntu 18.04):

7. Give a unique package name by editing the debian/changelog file.

gedit debian/changelog

8. Finally rebuild the gedit via commands:

sudo apt-get build-dep gedit

debuild -i -us -uc -b

The commands will take a few minutes building the gedit text editor packages.

9. At last, install the new packages via command and enjoy!

cd ~/Downloads/build/ && sudo dpkg -i gedit*.deb

In addition, you may lock the changes so it won’t be overwritten after installing system updates.

And it can be done easily via Synaptic package manager (available in Ubuntu Software). Simply search for ‘gedit’ and choose lock version for gedit and gedit-common packages one by one.

gnome shell

While the trash icon does not have ‘Add to Favorites‘ context menu option, here’s how to manually add a trash can icon to the left launcher in Ubuntu 18.04 Gnome Shell.

First see the result effect (in the picture, the left panel was replaced by Dash to Dock extension):

1. Open terminal either via Ctrl+Alt+T shortcut key, or by searching for ‘terminal’ from app launcher.

2. Run command to create and edit an empty file called trash.sh:

gedit ~/Documents/trash.sh

When the file opens, paste following lines and save it.

#!/bin/bash
icon=$HOME/.local/share/applications/trash.desktop

while getopts "red" opt; do
	case $opt in
    r)
	if [ "$(gio list trash://)" ]; then
		echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\nType=Application\nName=Trash\nComment=Trash\nIcon=user-trash-full\nExec=nautilus trash://\nCategories=Utility;\nActions=trash;\n\n[Desktop Action trash]\nName=Empty Trash\nExec='$HOME/Documents/trash.sh -e'\n' > $icon
	fi
	;;
    e)
	gio trash --empty && echo -e '[Desktop Entry]\nType=Application\nName=Trash\nComment=Trash\nIcon=user-trash\nExec=nautilus trash://\nCategories=Utility;\nActions=trash;\n\n[Desktop Action trash]\nName=Empty Trash\nExec='$HOME/Documents/trash.sh -e'\n' > $icon
	;;
    d)
	while sleep 5; do ($HOME/Documents/trash.sh -r &) ; done
	;;
  esac
done

3. Make the script file executable and run it via the 2 commands:

chmod +x ~/Documents/trash.sh

./Documents/trash.sh -e

4. Search for ‘trash’ in software launcher and select ‘Add to Favorites’ in its context menu.

5. Finally open Startup Applications, click Add to add a new startup app:

  • Type a name for the trash script.
  • Type command /home/YOUR_USER_NAME/Documents/trash.sh -d

Reboot Ubuntu, and the trash can icon will change when it’s empty or not empty.

via: ubuntuforums

Ubuntu 18.04

The first point release of Ubuntu 18.04 LTS was finally released.

Except for Ubuntu 18.04.1 Desktop, Server, and Cloud, Ubuntu Budgie 18.04.1 LTS, Kubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, Ubuntu MATE 18.04.1 LTS, Lubuntu 18.04.1 LTS, Ubuntu Kylin 18.04.1 LTS, and Xubuntu 18.04.1 LTS are also now available.

Ubuntu 18.04.1 come with updated Kernel and hardware support, many sever and cloud related fixes, installation and upgrade bug-fixes, and desktop fixes that include:

  • Make audio work on Lenovo machines with dual audio codecs
  • Upgrade Gnome Shell, GDM, and some other core apps to 3.28.2
  • Fix login fails (blank purple screen and mouse pointer only)
  • Ubuntu Software improvements for Snap packages.
  • New thunderbolt panel in System Settings (under Devices)
  • And see the change summary for details.

How to get Ubuntu 18.04.1:

For Ubuntu 18.04 users, simply launch Software Updater and install all system updates will bring you to Ubuntu 18.04.1.

For Ubuntu 16.04 and Ubuntu 17.10 users, see the official how to upgrade documentation.

For the iso images, go to http://releases.ubuntu.com/bionic/

Nvidia Linux driver

For Ubuntu 18.04 users plagued by screen tearing issue while using NVIDIA proprietary drivers, this quick tutorial may help you via enable PRIME Synchronization on Optimus.

Screen tearing usually happens on Ubuntu Linux laptop that uses Prime to switch between NVIDIA and Intel drivers.

1. Open terminal (either via Ctrl+Alt+T or by searching for ‘terminal’ from software launcher) and run command to create a new config file:

sudo gedit /etc/modprobe.d/nvidia-drm-nomodeset.conf

Type your password (no asterisks feedback) when it prompts and hit Enter.

2. When the file opens after running the previous command, add following line and save the file.

options nvidia-drm modeset=1

3. Finally update intramfs and reboot your machine.

sudo update-initramfs -u

To check if previous changes work after reboot, run command:

sudo cat /sys/module/nvidia_drm/parameters/modeset

It should output ‘Y’.

In addition, to get much SMOOTHER Nvidia window dragging experience, you can also do:

1. Set maximum performance in Nvidia X Server Settings -> PowerMizer.

2. If you have MORE than enough RAM, set swap tendency to a MUCH lower value by running command to edit sysctl.conf:

sudo gedit /etc/sysctl.conf

and add following 2 lines when the file opens:

via: ubuntuforums