Archives For Howtos

Mozilla Firefox 75.0 was released today. Ubuntu security & updates repositories has published the packages for Ubuntu 16.04, Ubuntu 18.04, and Ubuntu 19.10.

Mozilla Firefox 75.0 comes with revamped address bar, which brings clean search experience. On Linux, the behavior when clicking on the Address Bar and the Search Bar changes: a single click selects all without primary selection, a double click selects a word, and a triple click selects all with primary selection.

The new release also brings official Flatpak support, improves HTTPS compatibility, and various security fixes. See release note for details.

Install Firefox 75 in Ubuntu:

For all current Ubuntu releases and derivatives, Firefox 75.0 has been made into the security & updates repositories.

Simply launch Software Updater (Update manager) and install available package updates.

For Ubuntu 20.04, Firefox 75.0 package now is available as pre-release updates for testing. It will go stable soon.

gnome shell

Ubuntu 20.04 introduces new dark mode in the Settings utility. It is however not full dark when you turn it on in Gnome Shell.

System tray menu, top-bar calendar, notification popups, and desktop context menu are not dark but always light when you switching between light, dark, and standard modes.

Enable Full Dark Theme in Ubuntu 20.04:

1.) First install user themes Gnome Shell extension.

It was able to install the extension simply via Ubuntu Software when I was in Ubuntu 18.04. Ubuntu 20.04 however shows me “No Application Found” when I searching for user themes in the new Ubuntu Software (Snap Store).

  • As a workaround, open Firefox web browser and go to

    Click the link text “click here to install browser extension” and follow the pop-ups to install the browser extension:

    shell browser extension

  • Then open terminal via Ctrl+Alt+T and run command:
    sudo apt install chrome-gnome-shell

  • Finally go to

    Turn the switch on and then select install the Gnome Shell extension:

    User Themes extension

2.) Install Gnome Tweaks if you have it.

sudo apt install gnome-tweaks

3.) Finally launch Gnome Tweaks and navigate to Appearance in the left pane, choose Yaru-dark as the Shell theme and done!

And of course select Dark in System Settings -> Appearance to get dark applications if you don’t have it.

ubuntu bootable usb

Today when I plugged my new USB flash drive into Ubuntu 18.04 laptop, I got an error pop up that said ‘Unable to access “125GB Volume”. Error mounting /dev/sdb1 at /media/xxx/xxx: unknown filesystem type ‘exfat’

After a little search on the, I found Ubuntu main repositories offer exfat-fuse to read and write exFAT driver for FUSE, and exfat-utils to create, check, label and dump exFAT filesystem.

Open terminal either by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard or by searching for ‘terminal’ from application menu.

When terminal opens, run command to install the two packages:

sudo apt install exfat-fuse exfat-utils

Once installed successfully, Ubuntu 18.04 should mount exfat USB drive automatically next time you plugged it in.

fre:ac audio converter

Fre:ac audio converter 1.1 was released a few days ago. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 18.04 and higher.

Fre:ac 1.1 is a new major release with tons of new features. Highlights include:

  • Official Linux, Mac OS, and 64-bit Windows binaries.
  • Support for dark mode on Windows and macOS
  • A reworked conversion engine with support for multi-threading and parallel processing
  • An integrated tag editor with support for cover images
  • An extension for simultaneous output to multiple formats
  • Support for new codecs including Opus, Apple Lossless, Monkey’s Audio, WavPack and others
  • Support for DSP filters and lossless file verification
  • Support for multi-channel audio
  • Support for managing multiple configurations
  • Support for writing log files

How to Install Fre:ac 1.1 in Ubuntu:

For Ubuntu 18.04 and higher, simply search for and install freac snap package (runs in sandbox) via Ubuntu Software:

For Ubuntu 16.04, the official .AppImage is available to download in github releases page:

fre:ac releases

Grab the .appimage, i686 for 32-bit os and x86_64 for 64-bit os, then make it executable via file Properties -> Permissions -> ‘Allow executing file as program’, and finally run it to launch the audio converter.

Free-software planetarium Stellarium 0.20.0 was released a few days ago. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 18.04, Ubuntu 19.10, and Ubuntu 20.04.

Stellarium 0.20.0 brings GUI refactoring and updating, code refactoring (related to Solar system), and many improvements in the code of plugins.

Changes in the release include:

  • Added Almagest skyculture
  • Added support INDIGO for Telescope Control plugin
  • Added displaying last updated TLE for users
  • Added a SIMBAD lookup name query to the Search Dialog
  • Added Cross-origin (CORS) support to Remote Control plugin
  • Slightly improves rendering of Saturn viewed from Pan
  • Allows arbitrary viewpoints by keyboard action
  • Added new nomenclature items
  • Added new type of planetary feature
  • Added German set of navigational stars
  • Added comet C/2019 Y4 (ATLAS) as potential superbright comet (a Great Comet)

There are also tons of other new features and bug-fixes. See release note for details.

How to Install Stellarium 0.20.0 in Ubuntu:

1. Open terminal either by pressing Ctrl+Alt+T on keyboard or by searching ‘terminal’ from application menu. When it opens, run command to add the official PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:stellarium/stellarium-releases

Type user password (no asterisk feedback) when it prompts and hit Enter.

2. Then either upgrade Stellarium from an old version with Software Updater utility:

Or run following commands to install or upgrade the software from terminal:

sudo apt update

sudo apt install stellarium


To remove the software, either use your system package manager or run command:

sudo apt-get remove --autoremove stellarium

And remove the PPA via “Software & Updates” utility under Other Software tab.