The latest Mesa graphics driver 18.2.8 is finally available to install in Ubuntu 18.04 and Ubuntu 18.10 via Ubuntu-X PPA.

Mesa 18.2.8 was released two weeks ago with following changes:

  • Add the new Vega M, Vega 10, and Vega 20 PCI IDs
  • Meson build system foxes.
  • Gallium “Nine” Direct3D 9 state tracker fixes.
  • VirGL driver fixes.
  • A RADV hang fix for the Windows Yakuza game under DXVK with Steam Play

For users sticking to the open source RadeonSI / RADV / Intel / Nouveau drivers, and want to enjoy some Linux games, you may follow below steps to install Mesa 18.2.8 in Ubuntu 18.04 and/or Ubuntu 18.10:

1. Open terminal either via Ctrl+Alt+T keyboard shortcut or from software launcher. When it opens, run command:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/updates

Type user password (no asterisks feedback) when it prompts and hit Enter to continue.

2. After adding the PPA, do system update via command:

sudo apt-get dist-upgrade

apt-get update is not required any more in Ubuntu 18.04 since adding PPA automatically refreshes system repositories.

3. Finally check your driver version via command:

glxinfo | grep "OpenGL version"

Uninstall:

To restore changes and downgrade to the default drives shipped in Ubuntu 18.04, run command:

sudo apt-get install ppa-purge && sudo ppa-purge ppa:ubuntu-x-swat/updates

To check system information and hardware details in Ubuntu command console, without confused with various Linux commands, there’s a full featured CLI system information available.

There’s already a great graphical tool Hardinfo available in Ubuntu Software. For the command line tool, inxi is available to check:

  • Audio/sound card(s), driver, sound server.
  • System battery info
  • CPU output
  • Hard Disk info
  • Graphics card, driver, display server, resolution, renderer, OpenGL version.
  • General info, including processes, uptime, memory, IRC client or shell type, inxi version.
  • Memory (RAM) data (Require root)
  • Network card, driver.
  • system info, partition info, sensors output, USB data, and more.

To install inxi in Ubuntu, simply run command:

sudo apt-get install inxi

Then run man inxi to get a list of command options, or run inxi -F to get a brief output:

For more about the tool, go to inxi web page.

Rhythmbox music player

The default Rhythmbox music player released version 3.4.3 a few days ago. Here’s how to install it in Ubuntu 18.04.

Rhythmbox 3.4.3 release highlights:

  • Improved Android plugin to work better with Samsung and Android 9 devices
  • Replaced status bar with floating bar as used by Nautilus
  • Fixed crash when store request processing fails
  • Fixed crashes when editing auto playlist sorted by Location / Bitrate
  • Fixed crashes when insert a cd
  • Fixed issue that can not transfer songs to phone over MTP
  • And many other changes.

How to Install Rhythmbox 3.4.3 in Ubuntu:

For Ubuntu 18.04, Ubuntu 18.10 and derivatives, you can install Rhythmbox 3.4.3 from the unofficial PPA.

1. Open terminal either from app launcher or via Ctrl+Alt+T keyboard shortcut. When it opens, run command to add the PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/apps

Type user password (no asterisks feedback) when it asks and hit Enter to continue.

2. Then launch Software Updater, upgrade the music player packages:

How to Restore:

You can purge the PPA which also downgrade Rhythmbox to the stock version via command:

sudo apt install ppa-purge && sudo ppa-purge ppa:ubuntuhandbook1/apps

gnome shell

This quick tutorial is going to show you how to get the previous ‘2×2’, ‘3×3’ style rectangular grid workspaces in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS.

The default Ubuntu 18.04 Gnome shell lists all workspaces in a column, and navigates via Ctrl + Alt + Up/Down keyboard shortcuts. To arranges workspaces in a configurable grid, there’s an extension called Workspace Grid.

1. Install the extension by searching for and installing Workspace Grid in Ubuntu Software:

2. Then launch its settings either via the install page, or using Gnome Tweaks -> Extension.

There set the number of rows and columns of workspaces, other settings, and enjoy!

gnome shell

Nautilus actions is a file manager extension allows to add arbitrary program to be launched through the context menu of selected files.

Ubuntu does no longer ship the Nautilus actions package in universe repositories since it’s been deprecated and renamed to FileManager actions.

For those still need the tool, it has made into PPA repository for Ubuntu 18.04.

1. Open terminal either via Ctrl+Alt+T keyboard shortcut or from app launcher. When it opens, run command to add the PPA:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:daniel-marynicz/filemanager-actions

Type user password (no asterisks feedback) when it prompts and hit Enter.

2. Then run command to install the extension:

sudo apt install filemanager-actions-nautilus-extension

For Linux Mint Cinnamon or MATE desktop, you can install Nemo or Caja extension via command:

sudo apt install filemanager-actions-nemo-extension filemanager-actions-caja-extension

Once installed, search for and launch FileManager Actions to launch the tool.

Uninstall:

To remove filemanager actions, run command in terminal:

sudo apt remove --autoremove filemanager-actions

To remove the PPA, go to Software & Updates -> Other Software.