This is a step by step tutorial shows how to add “open as root (or administrator)” option in Pantheon file browser in Elementary OS 6 Odin.
Elementary OS now is at version 6.0 based on Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. For those looking for the “Open as Administrator” function to open system file via root user permission, or do copy & paste things outside of user’s home directory, things have changed.
The executable command for the file manager now is
io.elementary.files, and the command to start text editor is
io.elementary.code. Both are named in Flatpak app style. Gksu has gnone, and “pkexec” takes the place to allow an authorized user to execute program as root.
Add Open as Admin action in Elementary OS 6:
1. ) Firstly, search for and open “terminal” from the top-left corner Applications menu.
2. When terminal opens, run command to create (& edit via nano) the configuration file for option to edit file as root user privilege:
sudo nano /usr/share/contractor/io.elementary.code.open-as-root.contract
When the file opens in terminal, paste following lines and save via Ctrl+X, type y and hit Enter.
Name=Edit as Administrator
Description=Edit file via root user privilege
Exec=pkexec io.elementary.code %U
3. And create another config file for an option to open folder as root permission:
sudo nano /usr/share/contractor/io.elementary.files.open-as-root.contract
Then paste the following lines and save it (Ctrl+X, type y, and hit Enter):
Name=Open as Administrator
Description=Open a folder via root user privilege
Exec=pkexec io.elementary.files %U
After creating the two files, “Edit as Administrator” and “Open as Administrator” context menu option appear when right-clicking a file or folder immediately without restart.
As you see, you can create more actions by creating files with “.contract” extension under /usr/share/contractor directory. The name will be displayed as menu option, and you can find value of icon, MineType and Exec by checking the app shortcut file (
.desktop) under /usr/share/applications directory.
That’s all. Enjoy!