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Installing Ubuntu is quite easy today using an USB stick. Here’s the step by step guide that shows the details about the installing process for those new to this operating system.

Step 1: Create boot-able USB installer

We usually burn the Ubuntu iso image into a USB stick, then boot PC with it to get into a live Ubuntu system, and finally start the wizard to install the system to hard disk.

Firstly, a USB stick with 4 GB+ memory is required, download ISO image from, and follow this guide to burn it:

Step 2: Boot your PC with the USB

Next, plug the USB stick into the target PC, start or restart and press F2/F10 (or other keys depends on your machine) to get into BIOS/UEFI. Select boot the USB, and you should see the following screen:

live-USB boot menu

Finally, select boot the first menu entry, or the second “safe graphics” if the first entry does not work for your machine.

Step 3: Start install wizard, choose language & keyboard layout

It will automatically launch the install wizard after successfully boot into the live system.

In the first page, choose the language for this wizard and live system. Then:

  • click “Try Ubuntu” to try the live system. There’s a shortcut icon to launch installer again if you decide to install the system on your disk.
  • or click “Install Ubuntu” to get to next page.

In the next keyboard layout page, it should automatically select the correct keyboard layout. You may press any key on keyboard and see the screen output to verify. Use “Detect Keyboard Layout” or select layout manually if the default is not correct.

Next, it will prompt to choose between “Normal Installation” and “Minimal Installation”. We usually choose the former one, unless you just need a web browser along with core system libraries.

For updates and third-party software under “Other options”, check the boxes as you prefer if you has internet connection. They are also available to install after system installation.

Step 4: Choose disk or assign partition manually

In the next page, it will ask where to install the Ubuntu system. There are usually following options:

  • Erase disk and install Ubuntu – use the whole hard disk for Ubuntu. You’ll lost all the data in your disk. There’s also “Advanced features” allows to encrypt the system.
  • Install Ubuntu beside Windows – If you’ve a Windows system in the disk, there’ll be the option to use all the left space for Ubuntu installation. So you’ll have Ubuntu and Windows dual-boot.
  • Install/Reinstall Ubuntu on top of … – Clear the old Ubuntu system and use the disk partition for new Ubuntu system.
  • Something else – edit disk partition manually.

Step 5: Manually create system partition

If you choose “Something else” in the previous screen. It will bring you into the partition table.

In this page, you need to create following partitions using the free disk spaces (or remove and re-use unused spaces):

  • EFI – 100 ~ 500 MB. (optional for old legacy BIOS without secure boot)
  • Swap area – as large as RAM (optional if you have large RAM. And, a swap-file can take the job after installation)
  • /boot Ext4 partition – 500 ~ 1000MB (optional, but required for LVM or disk encryption)
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” – 20GB + the bigger the better (required)

Here are some partition combinations for installing Ubuntu:

  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/”
  • EFI + Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/”
  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition
  • EFI + Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” (for legacy boot only)
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition (for legacy boot only)
  • Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” (for legacy boot only)
  • Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition (for legacy boot only)
  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/” (Encrypted) + separated “/boot” partition (no swap and /boot is required)

Here are the screenshots of example partition table and partition create dialog (use ‘+’ to create yours).

For encrypted Ubuntu system, instead of directly creating “Ext4 file system” mount at ‘/’, create and select use as “physical volume for encryption”.

In this mode, you’ll need to type the secure key (password) every time you boot Ubuntu. And mount Ubuntu system volume from another machine/system need this key too.

Then right-click on it in partition table and select mount point “/”. NOTE: you have to remove Swap area if any and create separated ‘/boot’ partition first for encryption mode.

And under “Device for boot loader installation”, use the default “/dev/sdx” will install the Grub boot-loader for loading all systems in the disk. Though UEFI still allows to choose boot-loader at boot.

Step 6: Setup Account, Location and done

After click “Install Now” and confirm on pop-up dialog. The wizard will prompt to set up your account, computer name, and select location.

You may add more accounts after installation, and other information can be changed later. So just do the settings as you prefer.

Finally, wait the process done. If no error occur, it should prompt installation done with option to restart your computer.

It may sometimes refuse to restart after clicked the button. That’s not a big deal, just press and hold the power key to force shutdown and boot it again.

This simple tutorial shows how to install latest Komodo edit on Ubuntu 13.04 Raring, 12.10 Quantal, 12.04 Precise via ppa repository.

komodo ubuntu

Komodo Edit, based on the award-winning Komodo IDE, offers sophisticated support for all major scripting languages, including in-depth autocomplete and calltips, multi-language file support, syntax coloring and syntax checking, Vi emulation, Emacs key bindings. It provides dynamic language expertise for Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and Tcl, plus JavaScript, CSS, HTML, and XML, and template languages like RHTML, Template-Toolkit, HTML-Smarty and Django.

Install Komodo Edit

A PPA repository has been created for Ubuntu users. So far it supports Ubuntu 13.04, 12.04 and 12.10.

To add the repository, press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open terminal. When it opens, run below commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mystic-mirage/komodo-edit

After that, update your package lists and install this tool via command below:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install komodo-edit

Once installed, open it by running komodo command. You may need to manually create launcher shortcut

This latest stable Kernel 3.10.2 has been released. All users of the 3.10 kernel series are urged to upgrade as soon as possible. This tutorial shows how to install / Upgrade Kernel 3.10.2 for Ubuntu 13.04, 12.04, 12.10 and Linux Mint users.

kernel 3.10.2 ubuntu

Linux Kernel 3.10.2 is also a small release that includes a few updated drivers, fixes for the ext3 and ext4 file systems, as well as other small changes. Read the announcement.

Install / Upgrade Kernel 3.10.2

The Kernel PPA has updated with latest DEBs for Ubuntu and Linux Mint users.

Press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open a terminal window. When it opens, run below commands to download the Debs.
For 32-bit system:


For 64-bit system


After downloading, both 32-bit and 64-bit use below command to install them:

sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.10.2*.deb linux-image-3.10.2*.deb

Finally, remember to update grub to apply changes. To do so, run below command:

sudo update-grub

Once done, restart your computer and you should see the entry with Linux Kernel 3.10.2.

This simple guide shows how to install latest LightZone 4.0 on Ubuntu 13.04 Raring, 12.10 Quantal, 12.04 Precise, and Linux Mint from its official repository.

LightZone 4.0 from official repository

LightZone is professional-level digital darkroom software for Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux. Rather than using layers as many other photo editors do, LightZone lets the user build up a stack of tools which can be rearranged, turned off and on, and removed from the stack. It’s a non-destructive editor, where any of the tools can be re-adjusted or modified later — even in a different editing session. A tool stack can be copied to a batch of photos at one time. LightZone operates in a 16-bit linear color space with the wide gamut of ProPhoto RGB.

LightZone 4 Main Window


  • edit both RAW and JPEG format images.
  • has ability to create and apply pre-determined image transformations, called “styles”, to an entire batch of images in a single operation.
  • It’s a non-destructive RAW editor. It treats the digital image original (typically a RAW file) as precious and non-editable.
  • outputs JPEG files which contain metadata references to the original image file location and a record of the transformations applied during editing.
  • Because the JPEG output files contains the entire transformation history, edits can always be undone in a new edit session, long after they were saved
  • Read more on Wikipedia

Install LightZone 4 via Official Repository

UPDATE: Thanks to Otto Meier, now LightZone is available in PPA for Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty, Ubuntu 13.10 Saucy, Ubuntu 13.04, Ubuntu 12.10, Ubuntu 13.04, Ubuntu 12.04 and their derivatives. Just run below commands one by one in terminal.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:otto-kesselgulasch/lightzone
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install lightzone

1.) Press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open terminal. When it opens, run below command to add the repository and install keyring:

For Ubuntu 13.04, 12.10 and Linux Mint 14, 15

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb ./' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/lightzone.list"

wget -O - | sudo apt-key add - 

For Ubuntu 12.04 and Linux Mint 13

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb ./' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/lightzone.list"

wget -O - | sudo apt-key add -

2.) Update package lists and install the software:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install lightzone

For other Linux distributions, install LightZone photo editor 4.0 from the GitHub.

Want to install and use Google Sketchup on Ubuntu 13.04 Raring? Well, this simple tutorial will show you how to do it. With the help of Wine software, you can install and use Windows software easily in Ubuntu.

Wine is a compatibility layer capable of running Windows applications on several POSIX-compliant operating systems, including Ubuntu Linux. It’s free and open-source software. Wine now is getting a lot better at handling Windows software on Linux systems.

To get started with installing Sketchup 2013 in Ubuntu, download the lastest version of wine. To do that, press Ctrl + Alt + T on your keyboard to open the terminal. When it opens, run the commands below to add its PPA.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Then run below command to update package lists and install wine1.5 (Now the latest wine1.7 is recommended):

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install wine1.5

Once wine is installed, run below command to configure it so that Sketchup could be installed. You may need to log out and log back:


Next, navigate to Libraries tab, then select ‘Riched20’ library from the drop-down list and add it. When done, click OK


Download Google Sketchup from Then navigate to the Downloads folder and right-click on the EXE to ‘Open with Wine Windows Program Loader’.


Follow the setup wizard and finally you’ll get the shortcut on the desktop and Unity dash.


That’s it. Enjoy!

UPDATE: If Sketchup hangs after choosing a template, try launching it with /DisableRubyAPI as a workaround. Or read the new post about install Sketchup 2014 in Ubuntu 14.04.