Archives For November 30, 1999

Installing Ubuntu is quite easy today using an USB stick. Here’s the step by step guide that shows the details about the installing process for those new to this operating system.

Step 1: Create boot-able USB installer

We usually burn the Ubuntu iso image into a USB stick, then boot PC with it to get into a live Ubuntu system, and finally start the wizard to install the system to hard disk.

Firstly, a USB stick with 4 GB+ memory is required, download ISO image from, and follow this guide to burn it:

Step 2: Boot your PC with the USB

Next, plug the USB stick into the target PC, start or restart and press F2/F10 (or other keys depends on your machine) to get into BIOS/UEFI. Select boot the USB, and you should see the following screen:

live-USB boot menu

Finally, select boot the first menu entry, or the second “safe graphics” if the first entry does not work for your machine.

Step 3: Start install wizard, choose language & keyboard layout

It will automatically launch the install wizard after successfully boot into the live system.

In the first page, choose the language for this wizard and live system. Then:

  • click “Try Ubuntu” to try the live system. There’s a shortcut icon to launch installer again if you decide to install the system on your disk.
  • or click “Install Ubuntu” to get to next page.

In the next keyboard layout page, it should automatically select the correct keyboard layout. You may press any key on keyboard and see the screen output to verify. Use “Detect Keyboard Layout” or select layout manually if the default is not correct.

Next, it will prompt to choose between “Normal Installation” and “Minimal Installation”. We usually choose the former one, unless you just need a web browser along with core system libraries.

For updates and third-party software under “Other options”, check the boxes as you prefer if you has internet connection. They are also available to install after system installation.

Step 4: Choose disk or assign partition manually

In the next page, it will ask where to install the Ubuntu system. There are usually following options:

  • Erase disk and install Ubuntu – use the whole hard disk for Ubuntu. You’ll lost all the data in your disk. There’s also “Advanced features” allows to encrypt the system.
  • Install Ubuntu beside Windows – If you’ve a Windows system in the disk, there’ll be the option to use all the left space for Ubuntu installation. So you’ll have Ubuntu and Windows dual-boot.
  • Install/Reinstall Ubuntu on top of … – Clear the old Ubuntu system and use the disk partition for new Ubuntu system.
  • Something else – edit disk partition manually.

Step 5: Manually create system partition

If you choose “Something else” in the previous screen. It will bring you into the partition table.

In this page, you need to create following partitions using the free disk spaces (or remove and re-use unused spaces):

  • EFI – 100 ~ 500 MB. (optional for old legacy BIOS without secure boot)
  • Swap area – as large as RAM (optional if you have large RAM. And, a swap-file can take the job after installation)
  • /boot Ext4 partition – 500 ~ 1000MB (optional, but required for LVM or disk encryption)
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” – 20GB + the bigger the better (required)

Here are some partition combinations for installing Ubuntu:

  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/”
  • EFI + Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/”
  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition
  • EFI + Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” (for legacy boot only)
  • Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition (for legacy boot only)
  • Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” (for legacy boot only)
  • Swap + Ext4 mounted at “/” + separated “/boot” partition (for legacy boot only)
  • EFI + Ext4 mounted at “/” (Encrypted) + separated “/boot” partition (no swap and /boot is required)

Here are the screenshots of example partition table and partition create dialog (use ‘+’ to create yours).

For encrypted Ubuntu system, instead of directly creating “Ext4 file system” mount at ‘/’, create and select use as “physical volume for encryption”.

In this mode, you’ll need to type the secure key (password) every time you boot Ubuntu. And mount Ubuntu system volume from another machine/system need this key too.

Then right-click on it in partition table and select mount point “/”. NOTE: you have to remove Swap area if any and create separated ‘/boot’ partition first for encryption mode.

And under “Device for boot loader installation”, use the default “/dev/sdx” will install the Grub boot-loader for loading all systems in the disk. Though UEFI still allows to choose boot-loader at boot.

Step 6: Setup Account, Location and done

After click “Install Now” and confirm on pop-up dialog. The wizard will prompt to set up your account, computer name, and select location.

You may add more accounts after installation, and other information can be changed later. So just do the settings as you prefer.

Finally, wait the process done. If no error occur, it should prompt installation done with option to restart your computer.

It may sometimes refuse to restart after clicked the button. That’s not a big deal, just press and hold the power key to force shutdown and boot it again.

This simple tutorial shows how to install latest Komodo edit on Ubuntu 13.04 Raring, 12.10 Quantal, 12.04 Precise via ppa repository.

komodo ubuntu

Komodo Edit, based on the award-winning Komodo IDE, offers sophisticated support for all major scripting languages, including in-depth autocomplete and calltips, multi-language file support, syntax coloring and syntax checking, Vi emulation, Emacs key bindings. It provides dynamic language expertise for Perl, PHP, Python, Ruby, and Tcl, plus JavaScript, CSS, HTML, and XML, and template languages like RHTML, Template-Toolkit, HTML-Smarty and Django.

Install Komodo Edit

A PPA repository has been created for Ubuntu users. So far it supports Ubuntu 13.04, 12.04 and 12.10.

To add the repository, press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open terminal. When it opens, run below commands:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:mystic-mirage/komodo-edit

After that, update your package lists and install this tool via command below:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install komodo-edit

Once installed, open it by running komodo command. You may need to manually create launcher shortcut

This latest stable Kernel 3.10.2 has been released. All users of the 3.10 kernel series are urged to upgrade as soon as possible. This tutorial shows how to install / Upgrade Kernel 3.10.2 for Ubuntu 13.04, 12.04, 12.10 and Linux Mint users.

kernel 3.10.2 ubuntu

Linux Kernel 3.10.2 is also a small release that includes a few updated drivers, fixes for the ext3 and ext4 file systems, as well as other small changes. Read the announcement.

Install / Upgrade Kernel 3.10.2

The Kernel PPA has updated with latest DEBs for Ubuntu and Linux Mint users.

Press Ctrl+Alt+T on your keyboard to open a terminal window. When it opens, run below commands to download the Debs.
For 32-bit system:


For 64-bit system


After downloading, both 32-bit and 64-bit use below command to install them:

sudo dpkg -i linux-headers-3.10.2*.deb linux-image-3.10.2*.deb

Finally, remember to update grub to apply changes. To do so, run below command:

sudo update-grub

Once done, restart your computer and you should see the entry with Linux Kernel 3.10.2.

Want to install and use Google Sketchup on Ubuntu 13.04 Raring? Well, this simple tutorial will show you how to do it. With the help of Wine software, you can install and use Windows software easily in Ubuntu.

Wine is a compatibility layer capable of running Windows applications on several POSIX-compliant operating systems, including Ubuntu Linux. It’s free and open-source software. Wine now is getting a lot better at handling Windows software on Linux systems.

To get started with installing Sketchup 2013 in Ubuntu, download the lastest version of wine. To do that, press Ctrl + Alt + T on your keyboard to open the terminal. When it opens, run the commands below to add its PPA.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Then run below command to update package lists and install wine1.5 (Now the latest wine1.7 is recommended):

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install wine1.5

Once wine is installed, run below command to configure it so that Sketchup could be installed. You may need to log out and log back:


Next, navigate to Libraries tab, then select ‘Riched20’ library from the drop-down list and add it. When done, click OK


Download Google Sketchup from Then navigate to the Downloads folder and right-click on the EXE to ‘Open with Wine Windows Program Loader’.


Follow the setup wizard and finally you’ll get the shortcut on the desktop and Unity dash.


That’s it. Enjoy!

UPDATE: If Sketchup hangs after choosing a template, try launching it with /DisableRubyAPI as a workaround. Or read the new post about install Sketchup 2014 in Ubuntu 14.04.

Getdeb is an unofficial project which provides the latest open-source and freeware applications for Ubuntu Linux, and PlayDeb provides games. As Ubuntu based Linux distribution, Linux Mint users are available to install software from this repository.


  • Install / add / enable GetDeb & PlayDeb repository on Linux Mint
  • Enjoy!

To get started, go to Start menu, search and open Software Sources


Navigate to Additional repositories, check the box where it says ‘archive’. Click ‘update the cache’ button to update package lists.

enable getdeb repository

That’s it!

If it is not there in your Linux Mint edition, click ‘Add a new repository’ and type in

deb raring-getdeb apps games

In the line, change raring to yours based Ubuntu release code name.

Linux Mint 14 Nadia based on Ubuntu 12.10 quantal
Linux Mint 13 Maya based on Ubuntu 12.04 precise
Linux Mint 12 Lisa based on Ubuntu 11.10 oneiric
Linux Mint 11 Katya based on Ubuntu 11.04 natty
Linux Mint 10 Julia based on Ubuntu 10.10 maverick
Linux Mint 9 Isadora based on Ubuntu 10.04 lucid

And get the key by running below commands in terminal (Ctrl+Alt+T):

wget -q -O- | sudo apt-key add -


This simple tutorial will show you how to install the Spotify Client on Linux Mint 13, 14, 15 from the official repository.

Spotify is a digital music-streaming service that gives you on-demand access to millions of songs on all your devices. It works on Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS, Windows Phone 7/8 (7 no longer updated), BlackBerry (GSM only), Symbian.

To install it from the official repository, press Ctrl+Alt+T to open terminal.

1.) Run below command to add the repository to Linux Mint:

sudo sh -c 'echo "deb stable non-free" >> /etc/apt/sources.list.d/spotify.list'

add spotify repository to linuxmint

2.) Install the public key:

sudo apt-key adv --keyserver hkp:// --recv-keys D2C1988

install spotify key linuxmint

3.) Finally update package lists and install spotify:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install spotify-client

spotify in linuxmint


The latest stable kernel 3.10.1 has been released. All users of the 3.10 kernel series are urged to upgrade as soon as possible. Here is what’s new and how to install / upgrade kernel 3.10.1 on your system.

Linux kernel 3.10.1 is a small release that includes a few updated drivers, fixes for the HPFS and NFS file systems, as well as other small changes. See the announcement.


Below steps shows you how to install or upgrade this kernel:

1.) Press Ctrl+Alt+T to open terminal. Run below command to download the Deb packages

For 32-bit:


For 64-bit:


2) Install the Debs:

sudo dpkg linux-headers-3.10.1*.deb linux-image-3.10.1*.deb

After installation, update grub via:

sudo update-grub

This tutorial shows you how to install the Gallium3D drivers on Ubuntu 13.04 or Linux Mint via ppa which also works on Ubuntu 12.10, 12.04.

Gallium3D is a free software library for 3D graphics device drivers, operates as a layer between the graphics API and the operating system with the primary goal of making driver development easier, bundling otherwise duplicated code of several different drivers at a single point, and to support modern hardware architectures. This is done by providing a better division of labor, for example, leaving memory management to the kernel DRI driver.

Gallium3D has been a part of Mesa since 2009 and is currently used by the free and open source graphics driver for Nvidia (nouveau project), and by the free and open source graphics driver for ATI Radeon R300-R900.

To install this driver, press Ctrl+Alt+T to open terminal, then follow the below steps:

1.) Add the ppa repository by running this command in terminal:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:oibaf/graphics-drivers -y


2.) Update package lists and install the driver:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install libg3dvl-mesa



This tutorial shows how to install NixNote (formerly NeverNote) on Ubuntu 13.10, 13.04, 12.10, 12.04, 10.04, Linux Mint 13, 14, 15 via ppa.

NixNote, previously known as NeverNote is an open-source client for Evernote on Ubuntu Linux. It has following features:

  • Synchronizes with Evernote servers
  • Local data caching
  • Cross platform
  • Local-only and synchronized notebooks supported
  • Database may be encrypted locally

There’s a ppa repository contains the latest packages for Ubuntu and Linux Mint users. To install it, press Ctrl+Alt+T to open terminal, then follow the below steps:

1.) Copy and paste this command, and run. It adds the stable ppa repository to your system:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:vincent-c/nevernote

2.) If you’ve installed Synaptic Package Manager, open it and click Reload button to update package lists. Then search for and install nixnote:


If not, run this command instead:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install nixnote

In this tutorial I’ll show you how to easily install SyncWall wallpaper changer on Ubuntu and Linux Mint via PPA repository.

SyncWall is quite a basic wallpaper changer for Ubuntu Linux. It has the ability to synchronize wallpaper change between several workstations with a basic (and unsecured) client/server protocol. Each workstation must share the same pool of files, there is no FTP or Internet download.



  • Synchronization change between computers
  • Simple multi monitor support
  • Ability to add some special effects (blur,gray,edges, …) to wallpaper before display

To install SyncWall, press Ctrl+Alt+T to open terminal, then follow the below steps:

1.) Run command to add the ppa repository:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nilarimogard/webupd8

2.) If you’ve already install Synaptic Package Manger, open it and click Reload button. Search for and install syncwall.


If not, run this command instead:

sudo apt-get update; sudo apt-get install syncwall